The relevant provisions can be found in the Spanish Criminal Code, particularly in Title XIX, Chapter V (articles 419-427), which addresses offenses against public authorities.
Bribery typically involves the act of offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting something of value (such as money, gifts, favors, or advantages) with the intent to influence the actions of a public official or other individuals in a position of trust.
The penalties for bribery can vary depending on the specifics of the case, including the amount involved, the public office affected and other factors. Penalties may include fines, imprisonment and additional consequences, such as disqualification from public office.
Bribery cases are typically investigated and prosecuted by law enforcement agencies and the judiciary. Spain has institutions such as the Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office that play a role in addressing corruption-related offenses.
Spain is a signatory to international conventions against corruption, such as the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Anti-Bribery Convention. These agreements influence and guide Spain’s legal framework for addressing bribery.