Documentary forgery is a crime that consists of altering, falsifying, simulating or modifying essential elements of a document.
This crime affects the security of the legal traffic and the trust that citizens and institutions have in documents as means of evidence.
The Criminal Code distinguishes between four types of document forgery and the existence of fraudulent intent is required for its commission.
Forgery of public, official and commercial documents refers to the creation or modification of documents issued by official authorities or commercial entities.
This type of document forgery can have serious legal consequences for those responsible, as it affects the security and trust in public and official documents.
Forgery of private documents refers to the creation or alteration of documents issued by private individuals.
The purpose of this type of document forgery is to deceive third parties in order to obtain personal benefits, and it can affect security and trust in commercial agreements and exchanges.
Forgery of certificates refers to the creation or modification of documents that certify the veracity of certain facts or data. This type of document forgery can have serious consequences on the reputation and legality of individuals or entities, as well as on the security and trust in certifications and accreditations.
Counterfeiting of credit and debit cards, traveler’s checks and other non-cash payment instruments refers to the creation or modification of documents that allow the fraudulent use of means of payment.
Prison sentences for document forgery offenses can range from a few months to several years. For example, forgery of public documents can lead to prison sentences of between 3 and 6 years.