Corruption Between Individuals, often termed private-sector corruption or private corruption, involves illicit and unethical practices where individuals, independent of their public office or governmental position, engage in corrupt activities for personal or organizational gain. This type of corruption occurs within non-governmental entities, such as businesses, nonprofits, or other private institutions. It includes various forms of dishonest behavior, such as bribery, kickbacks, embezzlement, extortion, or fraud, where individuals misuse their positions or influence to obtain undue advantages, manipulate business outcomes, or gain favors unlawfully.
Private-sector corruption undermines fair competition, erodes trust in institutions, and can have significant economic and social consequences. Preventing and addressing corruption between individuals often involves implementing robust internal controls, ethical guidelines, and legal frameworks within organizations, as well as enforcing laws that criminalize such activities to deter and prosecute those involved in corrupt practices.
In Spain, it is prosecuted under Article 286bis of the Criminal Code, with a six months to four years imprisonment.